This website is best view in portrait mode.

News & insights

The Landlord and Tenant Act 1954: What You Need to Know


The Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 is a very important piece of legislation as it governs the rights and obligations of Landlords and Tenants of premises occupied for business purposes.

Protection for tenants

The act gives commercial tenants protection known as ‘security of tenure’.

Under the Act commercial tenants are given the right to request a new lease (at a market rent)from the Landlord at the end of the contractual term provided certain conditions are met and the relevant procedures under the act are followed. A landlord is only entitled to refuse to grant a new lease in a few limited circumstances. This can be crucial for businesses, providing them with the security needed to invest in their premises and plan for the future.

The Act also allows for commercial tenants to benefit from ‘statutory continuation’ of the lease. This means that at the end of the contractual term the Tenant can remain in occupation of the premises.

As a Tenant, knowing that you will not be immediately removed from the premises after the expiry of the contractual term can be a great source of relief and should be an important factor in any commercial lease negotiation.

Safeguards for landlords

It is possible for a Landlord to regain possession of a property which is held under a lease protected by the 1954 Act provided that certain specified grounds are met, including:

  • Where the Landlord requires the Property back for development purposes or if they wish to occupy it themselves
  • Where the tenant has a history of non payment of rent, or not complying with the lease obligations;
  • Where the premises have been split up by subletting into a number of units and the whole premises would command a higher rent if let together under one lease

Tenants must be given a minimum of six months’ notice and a maximum of twelve months’ notice. The landlord’s notice cannot expire prior to the end of the contractual term of the lease.

The Landlord and the Tenant can agree that the lease should confer no security of tenure.

In order to do so the Landlord must serve a formal notice on the Tenant before exchange and completion of the lease confirming that they wish for the lease to be contracted out of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954. This notice must be sent in the prescribed form and the Tenant must respond by making a declaration similarly in a prescribed form that they understand the effect of the lease being contracted out.

If the lease is excluded from the Act, then the term will come to an end on the expiry date contained in the lease, the Tenant will not be permitted to remain in the premises after the expiry date and they will not have a right to request a lease renewal.

It is common now for new office leases to be granted outside of the Act as it gives the Landlord more control over their property.

Call the professionals

For landlords and tenants alike, navigating the complexities of the Landlord and Tenant Act1954 can be daunting. That's where legal expertise comes into play. With the assistance of knowledgeable legal professionals, both parties can ensure their rights are protected and their obligations are met under the Act.

As the real estate landscape continues to evolve, the importance of understanding the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 cannot be overstated. By staying informed and seeking expert legal advice when needed, landlords and tenants can confidently navigate the intricacies of lease agreements and secure their interests for the future.

Need more help and information?

At Glenville Walker, we pride ourselves on our in-depth understanding of property law. Our team of experienced solicitors are able to assist both landlords and tenants in navigating the complexities of lease agreements and resolving disputes that may arise with the support of our expert litigation team.

If you would like to turn your complex legal problems into simple solutions and require advice as either a landlord or tenant, contact our specialist property team on

0151 305 9650 or email

This article is not intended to be interpreted as advice.

News & insights